Floor lamps are usually tall standing lamps which stand on the floor. The floor lamp usually has a weighted base to stop it falling over. A tall pole usually extends upwards with a light on top. Depending on the style of the lamp head, the floor lamp might be used as a torchiere for ambient light, or direct light downwards for reading in a chair. Ideally suited next to seating areas or beside a desk. Look also for full-spectrum bulbs for more natural light that's easier on the eyes. Floor lamps are portable lamps and simply plug into a wall socket.
A torchiere is a type of floor lamp where most of the light is aimed upwards. Light bounces off the ceiling producing a more ambient background illumination. They are called torchieres or torch lamps because their shape often resembles a flame-based torch whereby the light emits out of the top. They are good for lighting up the surrounding area of the general room, and produce a less focused light than other floor lamps. Depending on the design, some light might also emit sideways or below.
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Task lighting places a stronger light in one area of the room. Very good for tasks when you're sitting nearby. Most lamps can be used as task lights and can be quickly switched on when needed. Great for reading, crafts and hobbies. They also work well to light up one area of a room, e.g. on either side of a couch or in the corners of a room. Most of the light is directed downwards and out to the sides.
A floor lamp is ideal in medium and large rooms. They don't take up much floor space. Most often useful in a living room or family room, dining room, bedroom, home office or basement.
Floor lamps tend to have stronger levels of light, compared to other lamps. They therefore work well behind or beside seating areas, or in the corners of a room. One or two floor lamps in a room can help brighten up a room, or one side of a room. You will need an overhead light or additional lamps for brighter lighting.
Portable and free-standing on its base. Stands on a low, flat surface. Usually designed to stand on the floor. Should work on any floor type, carpeting, tile etc, if it's relatively flat.
Plug the floor lamp into a regular power outlet socket and switch it on.