A table lamp is a portable light which can sit on a side-table. Usually a light bulb is positioned above the lamp base and surrounded by a lamp shade. They plug into a regular wall socket and can be easily switched on or off while seated nearby. Light typically emits outward and downward to illuminate a local area, great for tasks, reading, crafts and hobbies. Ideally positioned next to seating, at the bedside, or in the corners of a room for a more ambient mood. Table lamps usually feature one or two light bulbs.
Task lighting places a stronger light in one area of the room. Very good for tasks when you're sitting nearby. Most lamps can be used as task lights and can be quickly switched on when needed. Great for reading, crafts and hobbies. They also work well to light up one area of a room, e.g. on either side of a couch or in the corners of a room. Most of the light is directed downwards and out to the sides.
All you need is some furniture to sit it on. Most useful as a bedside table lamp, but also as a living room table lamp. It may also work in a family room, home office or guest room, or to help light a basement.